田昭武

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 中国科学院院士、教授
电话:(0592)2184975 (实验室)
传真:(0592)2185349
电子邮箱:zwtian@xmu.edu.cn
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个人简历:
田昭武先生(1927.6--),著名的物理化学家。1927年6月出生于福建省福州市。1949年毕业于厦门大学化学系,1978年被聘为厦门大学化学系教授,1980年当选为中国科学院学部委员(院士),1984年获英国威尔士大学名誉理学博士学位,1996年当选第三世界科学院院士(现更名为发展中国家科学院院士)。历任国际电化学会副主席、中国化学会理事长,厦门大学校长、国家教委化学教学指导委员会首届主任委员、中国科协全国委员、福建省科协主席、固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室首届主任、《Electrochimica Acta》副主编、《中国科学》编委、第六届全国政协委员、第七、八、九届全国政协常委。“国家十二五战略性新兴产业发展重点咨询研究----新能源汽车产业发展战略研究”项目领导小组成员。
田昭武院士一直是科研源头性创新及学科交叉的提倡者和实践者,主要研究领域为物理化学,交叉于物理学、数学、计算科学、机械学、生命科学等多个学科。在基础理论方面提出气体扩散多孔电极极化的“特征电流”概念和“不平整液膜”模型;发现并系统地研究了自催化电极过程;在技术方面研制成功并批量生产DHZ-1型电化学综合测试仪、XYZ-1型离子色谱抑制器、DD-1型电镀参数测试仪等。他多次举办全国电化学研讨班,培养了一批电化学人才;创办《电化学》期刊,主办第46届国际电化学学会年会并任主席。专著有《电化学研究方法》,发表论文160余篇。获得国际发明专利和国家发明专利共35项,其中作为第一发明人的专利为16项、获得国家自然科学奖、国家发明奖以及省部级以上科技奖励共七项。
研究兴趣:
如今他虽年逾八旬,仍活跃于科技第一线,从事可用于电动汽车的新型超级电容器技术、复杂三维微加工技术和生物芯片技术的研究。
近期主要代表论著:
  1. “A Novel Micro-and Nano-Fabrication Techniques: Advantages and Advance”, L.-M. Jiang, Z.-F. Liu, J.-J. Sun, Z.-Q. Tian, X.-Y. Ye, Z.-Y Zhou, P.-K. Liu, L.-N. Sun, Z.-W. Tian, Pacific rim Wooorkshop on Transgucers and Micro/NamoTechnologies, 2002, 697-700 
  2. “Alternative Approaches to Designing Microfludic Scheme in Lab 0n Chip”, Z.-W. Tian, H.-S. Lin, Y.-L.Zhou, X.-Z.Qiao, Y.-L. Zhang, L.-M.Jiang and W.-L.Hu, Pacific rim Wooorkshop on Transgucers and Micro/Namo Technologies, 2002, 661- 664 
  3. “Three-Dimensional Micromachining for Microsystems by Confined Etchant Layer Technique”, J.-J. Sun, H.-G. Huang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Xie, J. Luo, X.-Y. Ye, Z.-Y. Zhou, S.-H. Xie, Z.-W. Tian, Electrochimic Acta, 2001, 47, 95-101 
  4. “In Situ FTIR Spectroscopic Studies of Adsorption of CO, SCN-, and Poly(o-phenylenediamine) on Electrodes of Nanometer Thin Films of Pt, Pd, and Rh: Abnormal Infrared Effects(AIREs)”, G.-Q.Lu, S.-G.Sun, L.-R.Cai, S.-P.Chen and Z.-W.Tian, Langmuir, 2000, 16, 778-786 
  5. “Studies on Silicon Etching Using the Confined Etchant Layer Technique”, Y.-B.Zu, L.Xie, B.-W.Mao and Z.-W.Tian , Electrochimica Acta. 1998, 43, 1683-1990 
  6. “Mechanistic of Electrodeposition for Bioceramic Coatings of Calcium Phosphates by an in situ pH-Microsensor technique”, J.-M. Chang, C.-J. Lin, Z.-D. Feng and Z.-W. Tian, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 1998, 452, 235-240 
  7. “Hydroxyapatite/metal composite coatings prepared by multi-step electrodeposition method”, J.-M. Zhang, C.-J. Lin, Z.-D. Feng, Z.-W. Tian, Journal of Materials Science Letters, 1998, 17,1077-1079 
  8. “STM Observations of a Self-Assembled Structure of Stearic Acid Langmuir Blodgett Films with Molecular Resolution”, Y.-H. Zhang, Q.-S. Li, Z.-X. Xie, B.-Z. Hua, B.-W. Mao, Y.-Z. Chen and Z.-W. Tian, Thin Solid Films, 1996, 274, 150-153 
  9. “Molecular-Level Investigations of Different Types of Coadsorption at Ag Electrodes by Raman Spectroscopy”, Z.-Q.Tian, W.-H. Li, Z.-H. Qian, W.-F. Lin and Z.-W. Tian, Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 1995, 31, 935-940 
  10. “Kinetics of Dissociative Adsorption of Formaldehyde on a Pt(111) Electrode in Sulphuric Acid Solutions Studied Using a Programmed Potential Step Technique and Time-Resolved Fourier Transform Ir Spectroscopy”, S.-G.Sun, G.-Q. Lu and Z.-W. Tian, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry , 1995, 393, 97-104 
  11. “Quantum Chemistry and in Situ FTIR Spectroscopy Studies on Potential-Dependent Properties of Co Adsorbed on Pt Electrodes”, W.-F. Lin, S.-G. Sun, Z.-Q. Tian and Z.-W. Tian, Electrochimica Acta. 1993, 38, 1107-1114 
  12. “Confined Etchant Layer Technique for Two-Dimensional Lithography at High Resolution Using Electrochemical Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy”, Z.-W.Tian, Z.-D. Fen, Z.-Q. Tian, X.-D. Zhuo, C.-Z. Li, H.-S. Lin, B. Ren, Z.-X. Xie and W.-L. Hu, Faraday Discussion, 1992, 94, 37-44 
  13. “A New Electrochemical Scanning Tunneling Microscope”, Z.-W. Tian, X.-D. Zhuo, J.-Q. Mu, J.-H. Ye, Z.-D. Fen, B.-W. Mao, C.-L. Bai and C.-D. Dai, Ultramicroscopy, 1992, 42, 460-463 
  14. “Quantum Chemistry Studies on Electronic Properties of CN- Adsorbed on Silver Electrodes”, W.-F. Lin, Z.-Q. Tian, S.-G. Sun and Z.-W. Tian, Electrochimica Aata, 1992, 37, 211-213 
  15. “In Situ Spectroscopic Studies of Electrocatalytic Processes -- Oxidation of n-Propanol on Pt Electrode”, S.-G. Sun, D.-F. Yang and Z.-W. Tian, Progress in Natural Science, 1991, 1, 48-54 
  16. “In Situ Electron Spin Resonance and Raman Spectroscopic Studies of the Electrochemical Process Conducting Polypyrrole Films”, C.-J. Zhong, Z.-Q. Tian, and Z.-W. Tian, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1990, 94, 2171-2175 
  17. “In Situ FTIR Studies on the Adsorption and Oxidation of N-Propanol and Isopropanol at a Platinum Electrode in Sulphuric Acid Solutions”, S.-G. Sun, D.-F. Yang and Z.-W. Tian, J.Electroanal Chem., 1990, 289, 177-187 
  18. “A New Approach To Coulometry for Flow Through Systems”, L.-Y.Bao and Z.-W.Tian, J.Electroanalysis, 1990, 3, 49-51 
  19. “Effect of Suppression Efficiency on Sensitivity in Ion Chromatography”, Z.-W. Tian, R.-Z. Hu, H.-S. Lin and W.-L. Hu, Journal of Chromatography, 1988, 439, 151-157 
  20. “Electrochemical Preparation of a Polyparaphenylene Film and a Polyparaphenylene/Polyacrylamine Functional Film”, S.-Y.Ye, Y.-Z. Chen and Z.-W. Tian, J. Electroanal. Chem., 1987, 229, 215-222 

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